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 Post subject: implementing servers for a microkernel
PostPosted: Tue May 11, 2021 12:03 pm 
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Hello, I have question: How does the Kernel call the servers in a micro-kernel? If i understand the Concept, they are not inside the kernel binary. Now how do they run in kernel-mode if they are not a kernel and how are they invoked? Thanks a lot in advance and sorry for my lack in knowledge!

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 Post subject: Re: implementing servers for a microkernel
PostPosted: Tue May 11, 2021 12:08 pm 
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Running in "kernel mode" means running in ring 0. Any program can run in ring 0 if the kernel allows it to. A program does not need to be inside the kernel to run in "kernel mode".

Also, how the kernel interfaces with the servers is completely up to you. A design I would think of is one where servers must register with the kernel, and the kernel recognizes servers for their functions and redirects related operations to the servers.

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 Post subject: Re: implementing servers for a microkernel
PostPosted: Tue May 11, 2021 12:40 pm 
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In a microkernel, servers run in user mode to provide better security. As far as communication goes, the kernel could simply send a message to the servers. That is my plan (whenever I start coding it :) ).


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 Post subject: Re: implementing servers for a microkernel
PostPosted: Wed May 12, 2021 6:34 am 
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thanks for clearing my misconception about ring 0 and for your reply! :)

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 Post subject: Re: implementing servers for a microkernel
PostPosted: Wed May 12, 2021 7:04 am 
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I think a general message function is too slow and limited for a microkernel implementation, so I will build a custom interface for my user space file system servers.

It will build on a set of useful primitives, like a block object that can safely be shared in different address spaces without an advanced VMM implementation. I also communicate data through physical addresses rather than extensive use of memory mapping.


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